History of the Institution of the Commissioner for Human Rights in the Republic of Tatarstan

Establishment of the Institution the Commissioner for Human Rights in the Russian Federation as a state body - is one of the most important achievements of democratic reforms in Russia. For our country such Institute was a new phenomenon, although it was already known worldwide for a long time.In classic view, the institution of Ombudsman - the so-called commissioners for human rights in Europe and in the world, was established in 1809 in Sweden.

Before the First World War, the Ombudsman was a kind of Scandinavian exotic. But after the Second World War, it began to develop. At that time many important international legal documents on human rights were adopted. In particular, December 10, 1948 - The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This date, which is celebrated all over the world, has become a Human Rights Day.

Today, more than one hundred countries have ombudsmen. Experience of Eastern European countries (Poland, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia and others.) shows that the creation of such structures in most cases provides replenishment of missing link in the relationship of the state authorities and the population, contributes to the construction of a democratic constitutional state, the development of legal awareness of citizens and officials persons.

Officially, the idea of establishing the institution of the Commissioner for Human Rights the Russian Federation was enshrined in the Declaration of the rights and liberties of man and citizen, adopted by the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation on November 22, 1991.

Taking into account the federal structure of our state, the post of Commissioner for Human Rights can be established in the region of the Russian Federation in accordance with the law of the subject of the Russian Federation.

In the Republic of Tatarstan, the post of Commissioner for Human Rights was established in 2000 in accordance with the Constitution of the Republic of Tatarstan in order to strengthening the guarantees the state to protect the rights and liberties of man and citizen, promoting their observance and respect by public authorities, local governments and officials.

Based on the principles of independence, legality and professionalism, mutual trust, continuity, commitment and integrity, constructive forms of interaction with the executive authorities and local authorities are essential for the efficient activity of the Ombudsman and the positioning of the Institute as a whole.

Activity of the Commissioner for Human Rights in the Republic of Tatarstan Republic of Tatarstan is regulated by the Law "On the Commissioner for Human Rights in the Republic of Tatarstan", adopted March 3, 2000.

Last updated: Mar, 11, 2015, 13:28
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